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Deforestation, drought and fires threaten last rainforest in Paraguay

Thank you for your support of Pro Cosara, which protects the rainforest in the Cordillera San Rafael. The Director of Climate Change at the Ministry of Environment announced on 3.11.2021 that in Glasgow also Paraguay signed the "Declaration on Forests and Land Use" under pressure from environmental organisations, including of course us from Pro Cosara.

The 26th UN Climate Change Conference (COP26) began on 31.10.2021, coinciding with a historically low water level of the great Parana River, which flows close to our protected area. Global warming is to be limited to 1.5°C (maximum 2°C) compared to pre-industrial times. Annual mean temperatures in Paraguay have been well above the 1971-2000 mean since 2000. In 2020, a national state of emergency was declared due to severe drought, and severe fires have destroyed 40% of the last remnant of rainforest in the Cordillera San Rafael. Droughts and heat waves tripled in Paraguay between 1980 and 2019.


Deviations of the annual temperature from the mean in the period 1971-2000 in Paraguay from 1901 to 2020 | Source:

In Paraguay, agriculture and deforestation contribute 80% of greenhouse gas emissions.

While burning fossil fuels such as coal "only" releases CO2 bound in ancient biomass, fires in the rainforests additionally lead to a reduction in the capacity to bind CO2 in biomass. It is estimated that about half of the carbon is stored in the rainforests.

This declaration, signed by more than 120 countries, aims to halt forest loss and land degradation by 2030. However, environmentalists criticise that this gives countries nine years to continue overexploiting forests. Illegal clearing is also repeatedly detected in the San Rafael protected area. To date, no action has been taken to evict the illegal land squatters who continue deforestation with impunity. There is a serious gap in Paraguay between what is written on paper in legislation and international agreements and what is done in practice in environmental protection, because there is no deterrent prosecution of environmental offenders. All NGOs have therefore joined forces to fight deforestation.

Please continue to help us preserve San Rafael with the last major rainforest in Paraguay.

With your donations, we support the fire brigade in fighting fires and can carry out surveillance flights with "Lucy", a light aircraft we received from WWF. With an unmanned drone, however, we would be able to determine where logging is taking place and where fires are being set much more safely for our people.


The purchase of a drone with a thermal imaging camera costs about 700,000 credits. Only together can we achieve this goal: With every credit we get a little closer to the camera. Tell your colleagues about us!

Thank you for your support!